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Category: Animal Science

Experiments under the department of Animal Science

Smoking of Fish

Smoking of Fish

Introduction Fish is a highly perishable food which needs proper handling and preservation if it is to have long shelf life and retain a desirable quality and nutritional value. The center concern of fish processing is to prevent fish from deteriorating. The most obvious method for preserving the quality of fish is to keep them alive until they are ready for cooking and eating. Fish are consumed as food by many species, including humans. It has been an important source…

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Production of Yoghurt

Production of Yoghurt

Introduction Yoghurt whose name come from the Turkish word ,Yoghurt is mostly made from natural milk i.e milk sourced from natural sources like a cow ,goat or a sheep ,after which milk is collected from a cow in a neat environment to avoid contamination of the milk, it is very important that the milk is free from anti microbials. After which it is heat treated and then left to ferment to a temperature of about 40-43 ËšC. Fermented milk which…

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Moisture Content Determination

Moisture Content Determination

Introduction Moisture is more or less water which serves as a medium for microbial activities. Food moisture analysis involves the whole coverage of the food items in the world because foods comprise a considerable amount of water relative to other ingredients. Foods are vital components which are consumed by people at each and every moment for the survival. Basically, there are several kinds of foods available for the consumption; raw foods, processed foods and modified foods in the market. Moisture…

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Spawning of Fish

Spawning of Fish

Introduction Spawn is the eggs and sperm released or deposited into water by aquatic animals (fishes). To spawn refers to a process of releasing the eggs and sperm, the act of both sexes is called Spawning. Spawning is the process of artificial or natural fertilization or reproduction process of fishes. The process of spawning involves females releasing oval (unfertilized eggs) into the water often in large while male simultaneously releases spermatozoa (milt) to fertilize the eggs. Objective(s) of the Experiment of…

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Research on Abattoir Processes

Research on Abattoir Processes

Introduction An abattoir is also called a slaughterhouse. It is a facility where animals are slaughtered for consumption as food. SlаughtеrÑ–ng animals on a large scale poses Ñ•Ñ–gnÑ–fісаnt lоgÑ–Ñ•tісаl Ñ€rоblеmÑ•, аnÑ–mаl wеlfаrе Ñ€rоblеmÑ•, Ñ€ublіс health rеԛuÑ–rеmеntÑ•, and environmental Ñ€rоblеmÑ•. Thus, the determination of where to build a slaughterhouse is a decision that must be carefully made. In Nigeria, abattoirs are usually constructed at sides of running rivers where the wastes can be easily washed away.  The case study of this…

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Measurement of pH of Solutions Using pH Meter

Measurement of pH of Solutions Using pH Meter

Introduction to Measurement of pH of Solutions The measurement of pH of soil deals with measuring the amount of alkalinity or acidity that is present in the soil solution. The importance of this test comes to play when considering the solubility and uptake of nutrients by plant roots. Many plants are adaptable to a range of soil pH usually from 5.5 to 7.5.However, pH of soils usually range from 4 to 8.  If the pH is not within an acceptable…

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