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Category: Crop Production and Protection

Experiments under the department of Crop Production and Protection

Production of Beans Flour

Production of Beans Flour

Introduction Beans popularly known as cowpea is a major source of protein in an average home, and due to this, the consumption of bean has taken different forms. Bean can be milled to give us a variety of products like akara (fried beans cake), danwake (beans dumpling) and moimoi (steamed beans paste).However for the sake of this experiment, we will just be focussing on the production of milled beans, which is the only other way bean can be consumed if…

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Moisture Content Determination

Moisture Content Determination

Introduction Moisture is more or less water which serves as a medium for microbial activities. Food moisture analysis involves the whole coverage of the food items in the world because foods comprise a considerable amount of water relative to other ingredients. Foods are vital components which are consumed by people at each and every moment for the survival. Basically, there are several kinds of foods available for the consumption; raw foods, processed foods and modified foods in the market. Moisture…

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Cassava Processing into Several Kinds of Food

Cassava Processing into Several Kinds of Food

Introduction Cassava is the most important root crop in Nigeria. Apart from being a staple crop in both rural and urban areas, it is also a major source of income to cassava farmers and processors in the rural areas. Cassava is a major source of carbohydrate, it contains vitamins B and C. it has no protein and fat. Cassava can be made into a simple paste with water and used as a peel or scrub smoothes, brightens and hydrates the…

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Spawning of Fish

Spawning of Fish

Introduction Spawn is the eggs and sperm released or deposited into water by aquatic animals (fishes). To spawn refers to a process of releasing the eggs and sperm, the act of both sexes is called Spawning. Spawning is the process of artificial or natural fertilization or reproduction process of fishes. The process of spawning involves females releasing oval (unfertilized eggs) into the water often in large while male simultaneously releases spermatozoa (milt) to fertilize the eggs. Objective(s) of the Experiment The…

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Research on Abattoir Processes

Research on Abattoir Processes

Introduction An abattoir is also called a slaughterhouse. It is a facility where animals are slaughtered for consumption as food. Slaughtering animals on a large scale poses significant logistical problems, animal welfare problems, public health requirements, and environmental problems. Thus, the determination of where to build a slaughterhouse is a decision that must be carefully made. In Nigeria, abattoirs are usually constructed at sides of running rivers where the wastes can be easily washed away.  The case study of this…

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Measurement of pH of Solutions Using pH Meter

Measurement of pH of Solutions Using pH Meter

Introduction The measurement of pH of soil deals with measuring the amount of alkalinity or acidity that is present in the soil solution. The importance of this test comes to play when considering the solubility and uptake of nutrients by plant roots. According to reasearchgate.net, many plants are adaptable to a range of soil pH usually from 5.5 to 7.5. However, pH of soils usually range from 4 to 8. If the pH is not within an acceptable range, the growth…

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