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Category: Geology

Experiments under the department of Geology

Identification of Minerals

Identification of Minerals

Introduction Most minerals are easily identified by their physical properties such as lustre, colour, hardness, streak, cleavage and parting, fracture and tenacity, magnetism, radioactivity and reaction with acid. This experiment is important since it gives the knowledge and information of the properties of minerals and this knowledge helps in choosing the right materials for specific purposes in service.  During this process of identification, the following properties should be noted: 1. Lustre: This refers to the response of minerals to light….

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Identification of Igneous Rocks

Identification of Igneous Rocks

Introduction      Summarily, rocks are naturally occurring substances; coherent, solid aggregates of one or more minerals or mineraloids. They are composed of grains of minerals. Minerals are homologous solids formed from a chemical compound arranged in orderly manner. These minerals forming rocks are held together by chemical bonds.There are three major types of rocks: Igneous Rocks Metamorphic Rocks Sedimentary Rocks In this section, the identification of igneous rocks is discussed. Igneous rocks are also called magmatic rocks. As this name implies,…

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Safety Guidelines in the Laboratory

Safety Guidelines in the Laboratory

Safety goggles, protective wears, gloves, shoes, helmet, and other Personal Protective Equipments (PPEs) should be used when necessary especially when working with hazardous chemicals Only materials needed for the day’s laboratory exercise should be placed on bench work Always familiarize yourself in advance with an experiment before going to the lab No eating, drinking or any other mouth activity while in the lab Personal materials like bags, books, phones should be kept away from work bench to avoid damage or…

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